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FORGING
PROCESSES

Metal Forging
Drop Forging Hammers
Hydraulic And Mechanical Presses
Heading Or Upset Forging
Metal Piercing
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Roll Forging
Swaging Or Radial Forging
Metal Hobbing
Metal Ball Forging
Orbital Forging
Ring Forging
Riveting
Metal Coining
Isothermal Forging
Trimming Of Forged Parts




MANUFACTURING
PROCESSES

Metal Casting
Metal Forming
Metal Rolling
Metal Extrusion
Metal Drawing
Sheet Metal
Powder Processes

High Energy Rate Forging













High energy rate forging, is a metal forging process in which the actual forging of the work occurs in a few thousandths of a second. This type of manufacturing technique is very useful for hard to forge metals. As discussed in isothermal forging, there may be reasons that the cooling of a part during the process may create problems. Such as, mechanical properties of some metals can vary considerably over a short temperature range, some metals are difficult to form at lower temperatures, or parts may have thin, complex sections. Isothermal forging was developed specifically to deal with the problems associated with cooling of the metal at the work-die interface. High energy rate forging also solves that same problem, but by a different method. Since the part is forged so fast, there is no time for cooling to occur during the forging of the work. With high energy rate forging, hard to forge materials, and thin, complicated parts can be forged with a single stroke.

A petro forge is a machine designed to perform high energy rate forging operations. The petro forge bears some similarities to the engine in a car, in that it does employ an internal combustion chamber for its working energy. The upper die of the mold is attached to the ram, that is a part of a piston that is located under a combustion chamber. Basically, the combustion chamber is filled with a fuel-air mixture. The mixture is then ignited by a spark plug, creating an explosion in the chamber. This explosion forces the piston, ram, and upper die downward with tremendous power. The upper apparatus accelerates towards the work, striking it with a great velocity, forging the part in a few milliseconds. Back pressure is then used to raise the apparatus, returning it to its position, this also occurs rapidly. During industrial manufacture, forging die can strike the work at velocities of 750 feet per second. The power and velocity employed during this process raises many concerns with regard to safety.



Figure:207
High Energy Rate Forging















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