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Vacuum Permanent Mold Casting
Vacuum permanent mold casting is a permanent mold casting process employed in manufacturing industry that uses the force caused by an applied vacuum pressure to draw molten metal into and through the mold's gating system and casting cavity. This process has a similar name to vacuum mold casting discussed in the expendable mold process section; however these are two completely different manufacturing processes and should not be confused with each other.
A permanent mold containing the part geometry and the gating system is created, (usually accurately machined), similar to the molds employed in the other permanent mold processes. The mold in vacuum mold casting is much like the mold in the pressure casting manufacturing process, in that the gating system is designed so that the flow of molten material starts at the bottom and flows upwards.
The mold is suspended over a supply of liquid metal for the casting by some mechanical device, possibly a robot arm.
A vacuum force is applied to the top of the mold. The reduced pressure within the mold causes molten metal to be drawn up through the gating system and casting cavity.
As the casting solidifies, the mold is withdrawn from its position over the molten metal and opened to release the casting.
Properties And Considerations Of Manufacturing By Vacuum Casting